In case you have an interest in growing cannabis indoors and you do not have any experience you may think that this activity is very difficult. You should not lose hope. Although growing cannabis plants indoors has some challenges, if you are able to know some of the basic guidelines and how you can avoid some common mistakes that many beginners make, you will realize that it is an easy process than you may have thought. The guide below can be of great help to you as you embark on your journey in growing cannabis plants indoors.
1.Choosing your strain
This is the first thing that you should do before you start to grow cannabis. When you look at the sativa plants you will realize that they tend to grow tall and produce smaller buds when you are harvesting them. On the other hand, the cookie and kushes cannabis strains do grow bushier and produce fatter buds. However, you should know that each of these strains needs their own nutrients, growing medium and care so that they offer the kind of yield that you wish to have.
2. Choose the best place where you will grow it
For you to be able to grow cannabis plants you must choose the best place within your compound or house. The indoor garden that you choose should be designed in the closets, basements, attics and not in your bedroom. However, you must make sure that the place you choose has enough lighting facility. If the room is small you can use fans to that you can keep the room cool.
Choose proper growing containers
The cannabis plants need to be planted in proper containers; the cannabis experts recommend the use of plastic containers as being the best in growing cannabis. It is also good that you use 20L pots as they can offer your plants adequate drainage. If the pots do not have holes at the bottom, you can drill some holes before you start to use the pots. Rectangular pots can be best for the indoor cannabis growing especially when you have a tight space.
Choose the grow light
When it comes to lighting, there are many options that you can use for growing cannabis indoors. Some of the best lights that you can use are compact fluorescent lamps, light- emitting diodes, metal halide and high-pressure sodium. In case you have a small growing space, where there is low air circulation, you have to avoid choosing high-intensity lighting for instance metal halide and high-pressure sodium as they can make your room to become too hot quickly. For you to control the temperature you can consider choosing compact fluorescent lamps and light-emitting diodes lighting since they are cooler.
As a beginner you may have issues with the cost, the compact fluorescent lamps can be the best option as they are cheap. On the other hand, if you wish to save the amount of energy that is consumed, then the light- emitting diodes can be best for you as they consume less power compared to any other types of lighting that you may use in growing cannabis.
Choose the grow medium
There are three main types of grow medium that you can use in growing cannabis. These mediums are hydroponics, coco coir fiber, and soil. As a beginner, it is good that you use soil as it is simple to use. For you to get high quality potting soil that is affordable to you can ask experienced growers so that they can advise you on the best soil that you can use. However, it is good that you buckets or pots which are over 5 gallons so that you can give the roots of the cannabis plant to grow.
The coco coir fiber serves as a medium where roots can support the plant, without using the real soil. This medium is made by recycling and processing natural fiber from the coconut husks. It has a pH of between 6.0 up to 7.0 and it is able to drain the roots thereby making them oxygenated compared to many of the peat based soil.
Choose a nutrient medium
There are two major types of nutrients that you can use for growing cannabis; chemical and organic. Both of them do contain the phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen nutrients which are necessary for cannabis to growth. Organic gardening experts have revealed that organic nutrients assist in delivering cannabis which has the best smell, taste, and effect.
The nutrients that will best suit your garden will depend on your growing medium or type of soil that you are using. It is good that you avoid overfeeding or underfeeding of the plants with nutrients since they may get burnt. You can try to start with half of the dosage or stick to the instructions that written on the packages of these nutrients.
Correct pH level
Also, the nutrients that you will use will also affect the acidity of the soil, that is it is important for you to test the pH of the soil. The variation in the pH will greatly affect the plants. The cannabis plants grow best in a soil which has a pH level ranging from 6.0 up to 7.0; when the pH is below or above this range the nutrients will not be able to dissolve well.
In case you are using a hydroponic medium, then you should look a medium which suits it. The hydroponic medium requires 6.0 pH during the vegetative period and pH of between 5.0 up to 6.5 during the flowering stage. For you to be the best cannabis grower, you can try to check the of your hydroponic medium at least twice in a day, so that you can be able to make any necessary adjustments.
Watering the plants
Water is very important when you are growing cannabis plants indoors. Try to use water which is free from any minerals which are not recommended by cannabis experts as some minerals may build up in roots thereby hindering the intake of nutrients. As a beginner, you may underwater or overwater an idea which can adversely affect your plants. If you overwater the plants, the medium may become too wet making fungus to develop which can kill the plants.
During the vegetative period, you have to leave the lights on about 18 to 20 hours a day. When the plants start to flower you will have to put the light on for about 12 hours in a day. Sometimes you may wish to turn the light off every day but you may have a lot of challenges while switching it on and off. Experts recommend that if you have enough funds, to invest in a timer to assist in turning on or off the light to achieve the optimum temperature requirement. Depending on the type of medium that you had selected, the flowering process can take from 6 up to 12 weeks with the majority of the cannabis plants taking from 8 to 9 weeks. After a few weeks, you can harvest the buds, dry them so that you can start to use them as a medicine or any other purpose.
If you follow the above guide you no longer have any challenge when you are growing your cannabis plants indoors. With this guide, you will definitely produce the best cannabis plants that you ever thought.